ESN Reduces N Loss

How enhanced efficiency fertilizers work

ESN vs. Other Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizers

The Association of American Plant Food Control Officials (AAPFCO) defines Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizers (EEF) as fertilizer products that can reduce nutrient losses to the environment while increasing nutrient availability for the plant or the crop. These fertilizers can either slow the release of nutrients for uptake or alter the conversion of nutrients to other forms that may be more susceptible to losses. Categories of EEFs include slow and controlled release nitrogen fertilizers, nitrogen stabilizers and phosphate management products:

  • Inhibitors and stabilizers: Chemical additives that inhibit or slow biological N transformations in the soil.
  • Slow release products: Complex nitrogen compounds that release N by biochemical breakdown of the material. Release time is determined by the nature and complexity of the compound and biological activity.
  • Controlled release products: Coated fertilizers that release N by diffusion through the coating when in contact with soil moisture. Release rate is controlled by coating thickness and type and soil temperature.


ESN technology helps reduce nitrogen loss

ESN is the most advanced fertility product in decades. Traditional nitrogen applications require careful management and can still result in significant nitrogen loss. Leaching can lead to 60 percent loss, volatilization losses can be up to 40 percent and denitrification can lead to up to 60 percent nitrogen loss. ESN technology delivers nitrogen when the crop needs it, with significant reductions in the risk of loss to the soil, air and surrounding watershed. ESN technology is a smarter way to grow.


ESN controlled release benefits

  • As a controlled release product, ESN releases its N in response to conditions that trigger plant growth.
  • ESN provides application flexibility. It can be applied over a range of times during the year. And works well in a variety of weather conditions.
    • Fall application (ESN won’t release into cold or frozen ground),
    • Wet conditions (ESN’s polymer coating stops leaching while inhibitors may be affected by excess moisture),
    • Dry conditions (ESN will conserve its N until enough moisture is available)
  • ESN’s polymer coated granule is designed to protect the N and allow it to release over 50 – 80 days; most inhibitors are effective for significantly shorter times.


Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizer: A smarter source of nitrogen, a smarter way to grow

How ESN nitrogen works infographic

Environmentally smarter

We are driven by the conviction that fertilizer will play a critical role in meeting increased global demand for food in the future, and that fertilizer must be used safely, effectively and efficiently. ESN was developed with the 4Rs of Nutrient Stewardship in mind—Use the Right nutrient source at the Right rate, at the Right time, and in the Right place. ESN also plays a key role in ESG sustainability initiatives for environmentally smart fertilizers. As part of the world’s largest ag solutions provider and fertilizer producer (Nutrien), we play a critical role in leading the next wave of sustainability for our industry.


What is ESG?

ESG means the environmental, social and governance targets to measure sustainability initiatives on and off the farm. ESN Smart Nitrogen plays a key role in Nutrien’s ESG goal to enable sustainable agriculture on 75 million acres globally by 2030. ESN should be part of any grower’s investment into sustainable nitrogen management practices.