Is ESN safe for my seeds?

Wheat kernel sprouting in dark brown soil

Your seeds have maximum yield potential when put in the ground – from there, it’s up to your management and mother nature to maintain that potential. When placing nitrogen with seed, ensuring your fertilizer source won’t damage or set back your seeds is a key part of that equation.

Don’t risk damage and nitrogen loss

Many nitrogen sources, like anhydrous ammonia, carry a large risk of seed damage and require a significant waiting period between seeding and application. There is no exact safe waiting period following ammonia injection, and injury may occur even when planting several weeks after application if injection is too shallow. Research has shown that corn planted on ammonia injection bands was susceptible to stand loss, root pruning, and/or stunting if ammonia was injected less than 8-10 inches deep.

Polymer coated for safety

In addition to controlling the release and providing nitrogen when plants need it most, ESN’s unique polymer coating also makes ESN safer for seeds than conventional nitrogen sources. That’s because ESN provides a physical barrier between the seed and urea within the coating, and releases slower than conventional sources, typically over a period of 50-80 days. Crops can be planted with or immediately after ESN application – no waiting period necessary.

Maximum safe rates for canola, wheat, and other cereals

For fertilizer placed with the seed, we use a factor of 2 to 3X for ESN, meaning ESN is safe up to about 2 to 3 times the normal safe rate of urea for your soil conditions and planter configuration. If using 100% ESN, you should be safe up to 3X; for a blend using ESN for 75% of the total N, we suggest dropping back to 2X the safe rate of urea to account for the effects of the soluble fertilizer used with the ESN and at 1.5X the safe urea rate indicated when ESN is 50% of the total N source.

For broadcast applications or fertilizer banded with a minimum separation of at least 2-3 inches from the seed, there is no practical limit to how much ESN you can apply.

Learn more about how ESN takes the worry out of nitrogen management.

Contact your local ESN representative if you’re ready for a seed-safe nitrogen source that will protect against loss.

Questions or comments? Tweet us @SmartNitrogen.